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Credit Services Association

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Sir Bobby Robson Way

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Complaints Procedure

Useful Links

Making a complaint

We work hard to ensure our Members act within the rules set by the industry regulators.

Please click on the following link and read our Code of Practice. If you think a Member has broken the rules of this Code you can make a complaint by downloading our Complaints Form.

Before making a complaint we would encourage you to carry out the following activities:


  • Go to the Members Directory and check whether the company you wish to complain about is a Member of the CSA. If you are still unsure, feel free to contact us. If the company is a Member of the CSA then we are able to help you with your complaint.
  • On first instance, we recommend you contact the Member company to discuss any issues you have and enquire about their complaints process. If you are still dissatisfied with the outcome then you can review our Complaints Procedure.
  • If you believe that the Member has acted in breach of our Code of Practice and the complaint meets the necessary criteria, please complete, sign and return the Complaint Form to our registered address.

CSA Complaints Procedure

 How we deal with your complaint.

All complaints must be submitted in writing, with a signed complaint form. We require the form to be signed so that we, and our member, have the requisite authorisation to share information.

The following is the sequence of events after the CSA receive a complaint form;

  • CSA receive a signed complaint form
  • CSA register the complaint and send a copy to the relevant member company
  • The member is given eight weeks to respond directly to the complainant
  • CSA get a copy of the response from the member company
  • CSA considers both positions and determines whether the Code of Practice has been breached
  • Appropriate action is taken (if required) to remedy the situation
  • If further information is required the CSA contact the relevant party (the complainant or the member company).
  • After a full review, the CSA provides a formal response to the complainant


If you remain unhappy with the outcome of the complaint, you may have justification to escalate the matter to our our head of compliance, Claire Aynsley,


Please note: The CSA can only intervene when;

  • a member company is in breach of the Code.
  • the company is a member of the CSA (we cannot act when the complaint is about the client of a member company, a bank or building society for example).
  • the information supplied by a member company appears from the facts to be incorrect.

Methods of Contact



Credit Services Association

Complaints Department

2 Esh Plaza

Sir Bobby Robson Way


NE13 9BA


Why the CSA need a signed copy of your complaint




Blog: Debt collection innovation – where do we need to be in 10 years?

Peter Wallwork is Chief Executive of the Credit Services Association.


As we start a New Year, the obvious thing to do would be to reflect on the past year in the debt collection industry, and look ahead to what we expect to see and be doing this year, 2018. But this time around, I want to go bigger picture than that.

John Ricketts, CSA President, was talking at the Household Credit Conference in November last year and was asked the question: “Where do you think the debt collection industry will be in 10 years’ time?” His answer was that it will be almost unrecognisable with technological innovations and artificial intelligence replacing call centres, freeing up time for quality customer engagement with those that need it. When I was recently asked how we as an industry would rise to this challenge, I pointed out that over the last number of years the debt collection sector has built up a fantastic track record of innovation through understanding the different needs of their customers and embracing technology to reflect that.


Debt collection in 2007

To set this into context, let’s take a look at where we were 10 years ago. 2007 will always be remembered for the beginning of the biggest global financial crisis in a generation. It’s after effects are still being felt a decade on.

Back in 2007, the Credit Services Association was already working hard to raise best practice standards in the industry. Our Code of Practice first introduced in 1985, was used as the basis for the Office of Fair Trading’s own Debt Collection Guidance, which was updated in 2006 and 2011 with full support and guidance from CSA. However, debt collection practices did look very different 10 years ago in comparison to today.


Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) authorisation

That change in collection practices was largely accelerated when consumer credit was brought under FCA regulation in April 2014 (probably our industry’s biggest change to date) and our newly updated, much more rigorous Code is still very closely aligned to the FCA’s CONC 7 rules. And it is partly down to the fact that there is widespread recognition of the ethical and commercial case for measuring success according to customer outcomes rather than amount collected and time spent collecting it.

We strongly believe the CSA Code of Practice is still the only ‘common denominator’ across all types of regulated and unregulated debt collection. We are still campaigning hard to encourage regulators in sectors outside of financial services such as utilities and telecoms to fully adopt our Code for the benefit of consumers to ensure consistency and best practice, (Ofwat encourages water suppliers to only use CSA Members for debt collection) but we have a come a long way.

With the help of the CSA, our members can be prepared for game-changing legislation like General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and regulatory changes like the Senior Managers and Certification Scheme, whilst at the same time, embracing new technologies for increased efficiency and improved customer outcomes.


Addressing vulnerability and embracing digital

As our business practices have changed, margins have been squeezed however technology has still advanced and been embraced. Speech analytics, omni-channel solutions, payment portals and Interactive Voice Response (IVR) systems were innovations focused on giving the customer a choice on how to engage, while other technological advances created efficiencies and a saving in operating expenses as a result.  Ten years ago, most debt collection agencies operated large call centres, and many still do but the focus is starting to shift towards more digital interaction. The focus in recent years has very much been on improving the quality, ease and availability of interaction that we have with customers, particularly those who are in financial difficulty or are assessed as vulnerable in some way, such as those with mental health issues. While interaction with vulnerable people has resulted in an increase in the use of ‘human time’, this is where resources saved elsewhere will continue to need to be deployed and this is unlikely to change –  that said, something that hasn’t changed much in the last 10 years is the perceived taboo around talking about personal finances… and those better able to deal with matters themselves are taking advantage of the digital offerings which allow them to do so at their own convenience and via their chosen channel.

We have recently introduced a new Supplier Membership which we hope will give CSA members better access to fintech providers who will help them transform their business practices.


Working collaboratively

The debt collection sector is now working much more collaboratively than it was 10 years ago, with a wider group of stakeholders including Government, regulators, creditors and the debt advice sector, the latter being formerly (and still sometimes!) our biggest critics. This is largely down to the engagement and lobbying work done by the Credit Services Association to open up lines of communication and demonstrate the need to work together. There have been certain areas in which we have managed to influence the course of regulation that would have been unintentionally detrimental to both customers and members due to a lack of understanding about what the impact would be on collections activity.


Overcoming reputational issues

However, we still face a huge reputational challenge, which in 2018 is largely an unfair reflection of our industry and how most within it, particularly those that are FCA authorised but also those working in non-FCA regulated sectors, actually operate. In many ways, we are leading the way on treating customers fairly, with others, for example, Local Authorities under the spotlight for poor collections practice. This sector is now looking to our members like 1st Credit (who have created a joint venture with Hammersmith & Fulham Council to offer ethical debt collection services to Local Authorities across the UK) for a best practice model. This would certainly have been unheard of 10 years ago and shows how far we have come.

We have some big hurdles to overcome over the next 10 years, not least in changing the minds of those members of the public who, unlike those who have financial difficulties, will never actually interact with and experience the changes that the industry has made, but who perpetuate the popular myths of old. If that weren’t enough, our biggest task is overcoming the barriers that stop those consumers who need our help, responding to our attempts to make contact – many of whom believing the nay-sayers and putting themselves in a worse position as a result. Commentators on social media, one of which I read again in the last few days, calling the debt collection industry a group of people who thrive on other’s misery, recommending anyone in debt to avoid contact at all costs is no help to anyone…

The first and most important step to making progress, particularly with those who’ve never actually experienced our work first hand, is to demonstrate our positive impact on society as a professional, credible industry that inputs back into the economy and supports those in financial difficulty to find a resolution, whether they are able to pay or not.

Lack of awareness and understanding about how far we have come and how we now operate will only continue to hold us back and I am committed in my role as Chief Executive of the CSA, to educating wider stakeholders and the general public, and championing the good work of our members. But we can’t do it alone. We need other key influencers (like Local Authorities, advice agencies, and high street banks who have strong brand recognition) to support and work collaboratively with us. At the moment, there are far too many well-meaning initiatives operating almost in isolation and we must work together, building on strengths and eradicating bad-practice, wherever it may lay.


Workforce planning for the future

Finally, if we are going to undergo such transformational change in the way we operate as an industry, we need the right people to help make it happen. Despite becoming increasingly digital, debt collection will always be a ‘people’ business and we need people with the right combination of emotional intelligence (even if we employ more artificial intelligence), commercial awareness, and regulatory knowledge to be the debt collection workforce of the future. We’re encouraging our members to think more proactively about talent attraction and filling skills gaps, offering professional qualifications and apprenticeships tailored to key roles, and demonstrating clear career pathways. Attracting people into the industry remains a challenge but once we do, we must retain the best with rewarding careers and ongoing professional development to continue raising standards.

The Apprenticeship Levy is a huge opportunity and we are working with our Levy-paying members and other employers (who all have credit control departments) to understand how they can put it to best use to train the next generation of debt collection sector leaders.

The future of our industry is an exciting one and we as the trade association plan to do everything we can to ensure that it is an attractive one to work in.